New materials refer to the special structural materials and functional materials used in high-tech, high-performance, new uses and new functions, mainly including precision ceramics, carbon fiber, engineering plastics, amorphous materials and fine chemical products.The basic principles of furniture materials any piece of furniture is composed of four elements: material, structure, appearance and function. Material is the material basis of furniture. In the history of furniture development, the material used for furniture can reflect the development level of productivity at that time. With the development of the times and the continuous progress of technology, people have made some achievements in the research and development of new furniture materials. The emergence and application of new materials provide a useful material basis for the continuous renewal of modern furniture and the development of furniture production. The use of a variety of materials to develop furniture production will make the furniture world rich and colorful.
What new materials for furniture?
In addition to wood, plastic, metal, rattan plants, bamboo, artificial leather, glass, rubber, fabric, decorative board, leather, sponge, stone and other commonly used base materials, there are also some new materials as follows:
1.Recombined bamboo is a new type of bamboo wood-based panel, which is made from bamboo according to the manufacturing process principle of reconstituted wood.
2.Oriented strand board, OSB (OSB) is a kind of wood-based panel, which is made of small-diameter wood, thinning wood, wood core, veneer, branches and so on, which is processed by special equipment to grow 40 mm, 70 mm, 5 mm wide, 20 mm thick, 0.3 mm, 0.7 mm thick. After drying, sizing and special equipment, the surface core layer planks are crisscross and oriented, and then hot pressed. It is widely used in packaging, construction, vehicle and shipbuilding industries.
3.Design MDF the color medium density fiberboard (MDF) of BASF (BASF) Company in Germany is the material that the whole MDF has been dyed. Due to the overall color of the board, design MDF no longer needs to carry out complex processing like those wood-based panels, such as secondary veneer decoration and hot pressing and cold pressing before use. Only a thin layer of varnish can be coated after sanding, and bright and bright colors can be obtained.
4.Green wood-based panel is made of wheat straw, cotton stalk and other materials. After special processing, it can produce various specifications of high-density and medium-density boards. It can also directly produce composite floor, furniture series, kitchen utensils series and molded products with process. It has the advantages of flame retardant, moisture-proof, sound insulation, no deformation, no cracking and high strength.
5.Acrylic, also known as polymethyl acrylic acid (methacrylic acid) acrylic material is the biggest characteristic of natural plasticity, and it is easy to cut, bend, fold and die-casting on the production of excellent, there are more extensive modeling possibilities in furniture design.
6.Wood-plastic thermoplastic wood plastic composite (WPC) is a kind of modified thermoplastic material, which is filled and reinforced by wood fiber or plant fiber, and processed by hot pressing and melting extrusion. The material itself can also be recycled, which is a new green environmental protection product, and also a kind of ecological clean composite material.
3D curved wood
3D bending wood technology originated from Europe, uses high-temperature pressing method to make the softened wood deform, bend and shape, and conduct long-time drying treatment in the deformation state to restore and enhance the original rigidity and toughness of wood, so as to achieve the perfect radian that the designer wants.
What is the future of home life
It is reported that a 3D BENDING wooden chair should be produced by skilled carpenters through 20 processes, with the production cycle ranging from 5 days to 30 days. The whole process is completed by the joint operation of robots and hands.
At the 23rd China International Furniture Exhibition, China furniture high end manufacturing exhibition, special guest Mikko ISO kuusela was invited to demonstrate the process of pressing wood boards.
Modern and compact living space often can't satisfy the owners’ desire to move tall and square bookcases into their homes. In the form, from bookcases to bookshelves, from parallel grids to geometric cutting; in terms of raw materials, from calm to light; bookcases and bookshelves are constantly changing, and new products are also shining.
For above mentioned 3D cured wood, that is amazing, right? Well, Let see another wonder materials: Drill design studio and plywood Research Institute jointly developed a new type of board: paper wood, which was used in many of their bookshelf designs. Although the design is simple, it is not boastful. With this new material, they have won many international awards such as red dot and good design.
Oriented particleboard is a new type of particleboard, which is made of strip flakes on the surface and fine Particleboard in the core layer. The surface particleboard is longitudinally parallel to the board and glued.
At first glance, some people think that it is no different from ordinary particleboard, but in fact, the physical and mechanical properties of OSB are far better than that of ordinary particleboard, close to or even better than plywood. With the advantages of uniform strength and good dimensional stability, OSB is an ideal substitute for structural plywood, and its average price is only half of that of plywood with the same performance.
Application of OSB (Oriented strand board) in furniture:
Applied to stressed components of furniture,
It can be used as cabinet side plate, shelf, table and chair panel, etc,
It is used as structural board of kitchen furniture, lining board, interior panel, heat insulation board, sound-absorbing board and ceiling.
In modern society, consumers are pursuing the sense of product design, at the same time, they have higher and higher requirements for environmental protection. When these new materials are more and more integrated into furniture manufacturing, it will inevitably cause a change in furniture manufacturing industry, and make the future home life become different.